Nuero Developmental Delay Research

Neuro-Physiological Therapy, is non-invasive and drug free!

Open Doors Therapy offers an effective programme to help your child;
  • briefly discuss your child's problems
  • arrange half day assessment
  • therapeutic exercises for your child
  • written report on your child
  • meet to discuss report and assess progress


Personal Research

My own research (2006 -2010), independently statistically analysed shows that:

  • Children strongly indicative of having NDD are more likely to attain below age expectation in reading, writing and maths

  • Children having 75% dysfunction in either of the following primitive reflexes ATNR,STNR or TLR are more likely to attain below age expectation in reading

  • Among underachieving NDD children the greater the improvement in NDD the greater the progress in Reading, Writing and Maths

In the graphs below I show the children’s National Curriculum levels prior the therapy and following the therapy. It can be seen that the greater the NDD improved the children tended to make more progress across all three core subjects. The majority of these children had never previously made a years progress (3 points) in a year at school, despite all the support and intervention they had been given.

Reading Writing
Maths Average Points

Other Sources

1994 Wilkinson, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Found a link between abnormal primitive reflexes and underachievement

1998 Blythe and Hyland, British Journal of Occupational Therapy, Screening for neurological dysfunction in the specific learning difficulty child

2000 Cheatum & Hammond, University Of Michigan, Various studies showing the relationship between ATNR, STNR and TLR and below average scores on the Iowa Achievement Test.

2001 Goddard Blythe Showed the prevalence of ATNR and TLR with other neuro-developmental factors among 54 Dyslexic children, 5th International BDA Conference, University of York.

2004 North Eastern Library Board: A study of 672 children found that there was a relationship between developmental immaturity (NMD) and educational underperformance.

2004 Taylor, Houghton & Chapman, International Journal Of Special Education Vol.19/1, Primitive 6.Reflexes and Attention Deficit Disorder: Developmental origins of classroom dysfunction

2004 McPhillips & Sheedy, Dyslexia 10 316-338, Prevalence of Persistent Primary reflex and Motor Problems in children with reading difficulties.

Morning Agility Club - Park Hall Junior School 2006

In 2006 the following children came to school early for a year to do the NDD exercise programme. They were in 3 different year groups and 7 different classes. The graphs below shows the progress they made in reading, writing and maths, 12 months prior to the programme and 12 months after the programme.

Reading Progress
Child  Before After
A 2 5
B 2 5
2 4
D 2 6
E 1 5
F 3 5
G 3 5
H 2 5
I 1 2
Writing Progress
Child  Before After
A 1 5
B 1 5
1 3
D 0 12
E 2 6
F 2 2
G 1 2
H 1 1
I 2 3
Maths Progress
Child  Before After
A 1 2
B 1 3
0 8
D 0 4
E 1 0
F 2 5
G 2 5
H 2 5
I 1 3
Sara Dagger Extract from 'School Research Project', Bath Spa University 2011

‘As another way of measuring the success of the programme, throughout the first year, parents and school staff were asked to complete comment sheets, highlighting any difficulties or progress they noted in the children. These comments sheets were designed to enable parents, children and school staff to feedback about the impact of the programme, not just academically but also behaviourally. Changes such as bed wetting, eating habits, relationships with peers and attitudes to learning were all noted. A selection of quotes from the comments sheets is included below, with a timescale of changes occurring, in relation to starting the programme.

Child Timescale Comment Person commenting
Y4 boy A 5 weeks in Is less aggressive, not as loud and more helpful at home. Parent
6 weeks in Used knife and fork to eat a meal for the first time. Parent
7 months in Did not get stressed at returning to school after Easter holidays this time. Parent
Y4 girl B 7 weeks in Got better at swimming in a straight line and can now swim under water too. Child
Y5 boy C 8 months in Much happier at home and takes thins in his stride more. Parent
Y5 boy D 5 months in Sitting back from the table whilst eating, rather than leaning forward and over the table and trapping his feet around the legs of the chair. Parent
Y4 boy E 6 weeks in Brilliant at whiteboard maths today, quick to put his hand up when doubling two digit numbers. Teacher
Y5 girl F 5 months in Taking more responsibility for completing homework. Parent
Y5 girl G 5 months in Writing now joined up and legible. Parent
Y5 girl H 6 months in Better at leaving the house now, 3/5 mornings a week, rather than being difficult every day. Parent
Y5 girl I 8 months in Much calmer and more focussed in lesson, particularly numeracy. Teacher
Y4 girl J 6 months in Has been looking forward to this year’s residential trip (6 nights away from home). This is in direct contrast to last year (2 nights away) when she was very stressed about it. Parent
School Achievement Improved and Sustained

Jacqui Ellis at Redland School, Chippenham, Wiltshire (2011) has carefully monitored the progress that children make during the year that they undergo neuro –developmental exercises. Previously these children have been making less than expected progress, despite a number of interventions and support.

Jacqui’s research supports the view that the exercises lessen neuro developmental delay which consequentially results in an improvement in National Curriculum attainment.

Also Jacqui has been able to show that the gains made are sustained the year after the programme and beyond, with a majority of children make even greater progress. Perhaps more importantly she has logged the comments that children, parents and teachers make on individual children. Improvements in behaviour, demeanour, self esteem, relationships, balance and coordination are commonly commented upon.


Click the web link to buy the book on Amazon in a new browser window.

Physical Activities for Improving Children’s Learning and Behaviour - 2000

ISBN: 0880118741  For more info and to buy this book on Amazon click here

Reflexes, Learning and Behaviour - 2002

ISBN: 0961533285  For more info and to buy this book on Amazon click here

An Organic Basis for Neurosis and Educational Difficulties - 1979

ISBN: 0950670405  For more info and to buy this book on Amazon click here

The Well Balanced Child - 2004

ISBN: 1903458420  For more info and to buy this book on Amazon click here

The Ultimate Stranger - 1974

ISBN: 0878794468  For more info and to buy this book on Amazon click here

What babies and children really need - 2008

ISBN: 1903458765  For more info and to buy this book on Amazon click here

The Genius of Natural Childhood - 2011

ISBN: 9781907359040  For more info and to buy this book on Amazon click here


Click the titles to open the website in a new browser window.

Auditory Processing Disorder (APD) and its treatment

The relationship between NDD and auditory processing

Brain & Behaviour

Link between cognitive development and balance and co-ordination

Center Edge

The effects retained primitive reflexes can have on children

Human Kinetics

Useful book on Physical Activities for Improving Children's Learning and Behavior

Learning Connections

The Treatment of Neurologically Impaired Children Using Patterning Movement Therapy

Minesota Learning Resource Centre

How the Minnesota Learning Resource Centre has incorporated primitive Reflexes into their SMART programme for schools

Minnesota Vision Therapy

Retained Reflexes and Vision

Parents Own

Retained primitive reflexes affect learning and behaviour


Dyslexia-SpLD Specialist Teacher Training

Reflexes of childhoos and their influence on learning and attention

Article on neurodevelopmental reflexes

Springer Link

Medical study on the relationship between cognitive decline in HIV patients and the re-emergence of primitive reflexes.

Stop DD and ADHD

Dr Miriam Bender's Breakthrough treatment

The Institute for Neuro - Physiological Psychology

NDD, primitive reflexes, SEN, research, literature, training, programmes, international affiliations, conferences etc

The Sound Learning Centre

The Symptoms and Diagnosis of Development Delay

Uiversal Chiropractic

Description of the effects of retained primitive reflexes

USA medical article on primitive reflexes

Prevalence of primitive reflexes and the relationship with cognitive change in healthy adults: a report from the Maastricht Aging Study

How Much Does Neuro Physiological Therapy Cost?

There are different packages available to help your child. Fill out a brief initial enquiry and we'll contact you to discuss the options.

Parents usually opt for:

An initial assessment at £260 (remember if you do not wish to proceed further after the assessment there is no cost).

Written report feedback and second visit at £210.

Reassessment and exercise programme every 6-8 weeks £45

If the consultations are done at the family home then there are additional travel costs at 30p per mile.

Charges can vary according to your circumstances and my time commitment